Labiaplasty-Labia reduction


Labiaplasty is a medical term for the rejuvenation of the outer parts of a woman’s genitalia as well as of the inner parts (vagina). The most common disorders of the genitalia are hypertrophic labia minora (small inner lips) and hypoplastic labia majora (large outer lips) which require enhancement.


 Watch Dr. Nodas Kapositas’ interview on labiaplasty.


Given that women are often not aware of the specialized terminology used for the genital area, they can bring photos with them of what they wish their intimate area to look like.

This is actually really helpful in planning the procedure. Below, you can be informed on which anatomic parts of the genitalia can be surgically corrected.

Hyperthorphic labia minora

(small inner lips)

Hyperthorphic labia minora can cause functional and psychosocial problems in some women. Localized irritation accompanied by the personal hygiene problem, may have an impact on a woman’s sexual life.

Moreover, a woman may have problems with dressing, walking, menstruation, sitting, riding a bicycle or a motorbike. Other women simply want to improve the aesthetics of the area and boost their self-esteem. All the above discomforts constitute indications that a visit to a specialized plastic surgeon is imperative. A specialist evaluates a woman’s condition clinically and judges the necessity of a labia minora reduction surgery.

Women opt for the desirable size but this entirely dependent upon the size applicable for the proper functionality of the area.

The labia minora protect the ceiling of the vagina when the legs are stretched, thus an excessive reduction is not recommended.


Surgical technique and recovery

During the procedure, the labia minora are marked with a special marking pen for the anatomic correction of the area. Marking must be precise. The procedure is performed under regional or general anesthesia and the results delivered must be natural-looking. Great emphasis is placed on the area of the clitoris and the urethral orifice, in order to avoid hypercorrection.

Only a specialized surgeon can notice the marks on the operated area. The procedure helps women rebuild their self-confidence and improve not only their everyday life, but their sexual life, too. The sensitivity of the area is not affected.

After the procedure, the woman is discharged and gets back home with a napkin and special antibiotics. It is highly recommended that she rests for a week and takes care of her personal hygiene with an antiseptic solution on a daily basis. The woman may fully resume her daily activities within a week and have sex in 4 weeks. Working out is allowed after a period of 4 weeks.

2. Hypoplastic labia majora

(large outer lips)

Hypoplastic labia majora give the feeling of a hypotonic vagina. It is a purely cosmetic surgery and performed in the exact way as the facial lips surgery.

Injectable materials may be used to upsize the labia majora and eradicate any creases and wrinkles by stretching the skin. The most common injectable material is fat from the woman’s own body, transferred in the operated area from another body part.

This transfer is called ‘autologous fat transplantation’.

3. Labia majora reduction

Labia majora reduction is performed in women with hypertrophic large outer lips. The condition may be hereditary or due to fat deposition. It may also develop after childbirth or due to weight loss. The procedure to be performed is strictly based on the patient’s individual needs.

4. Clitoral hood reduction


The clitoral hood is located directly over the clitoris and acts as a protective barrier to the clitoris. 50-60% of the female sufferers manifest abundance of tissue (prepuce) that completely covers the clitoris. Many women need to undergo a total removal of the excessive tissue or a simple reduction procedure for cosmetic reasons for the aesthetic improvement of the labia minora.

5.Reduction of the Mount of Venus (pubis)

The procedure is performed in women with excessive fat deposition on the pubis. The specific area projects and makes women feel they have lost their attractiveness and femininity.

6. Divergence of the upper and lower edges of the labia majora

The procedure is carried out in women whose upper and lower edges of their labia majora diverge away from the clitoris and the perineal area, and do not converge with the upper and lower pole. The procedure connects the upper and lower edges of the labia majora.

7. Hymenorrhaphy 

(hymen restoration)

The procedure is performed on young and older patients who, for social, religious or cultural reasons, wish to restore the integrity of the hymen.


Labial reduction. Photos